The German Research Foundation (DFG) is the self-governing organisation for science and research in Germany and at the same time the country’s largest funding institution for basic research. It is responsible for awarding the funding provided by the federal government and the Länder to outstanding researchers and promising research projects.
Leipzig University is currently involved in 20 DFG-funded coordinated programmes. It is also involved in another 14 sub-projects. In increasingly interdisciplinary collaborative projects, such as the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and the Obesity Mechanisms Collaborative Research Centre, the University is demonstrating its versatile research expertise. In addition, there are currently ten early career research groups funded by the DFG under the Heisenberg Programme and the Emmy Noether Programme.
1. Research Centres
The DFG Research Centres are some of the German Research Foundation’s most comprehensive and exclusive collaborative projects. Unlike other projects and programmes, DFG Research Centres are set up in response to thematic calls issued by the DFG. The aim is to hone the fundamental orientation of the research profile of the universities that receive funding and to draw international attention to the relevant research foci. At present, the DFG is only funding four such Research Centres nationwide, providing a total of 25 million euros a year.
The German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig is a DFG Research Centre and a joint institution of Leipzig University, the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU). It is run in collaboration with the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ).
Cataloguing Biological Diversity: A Herculean Task?
We know that we are dramatically changing the planet’s biological diversity: species are becoming extinct, and genetic information and entire ecosystems being wiped out. At iDiv, researchers from 30 nations are working on understanding the extent of these changes, the underlying processes and the consequences for the human race. The clock is ticking – or, as Leipzig professor and head of iDiv Christian Wirth puts it:
“The central problem in understanding and measuring biological diversity is that we still have a lot of work to do. And while we are taking inventory, the shelves are already being cleared.”Professor Christian Wirth
2. Collaborative Research Centres and Transregios
Collaborative Research Centres (CRCs) and Transregios are made up of a number of sub-projects. They involve several different departments from universities and research institutions across the region working together. Running for a maximum of twelve years, they allow the participating researchers to devise and carry out challenging and complex research projects. Transregios differ from Collaborative Research Centres in that usually two or three universities submit a joint proposal and up to a third of the research is undertaken by non-university research institutions.
DFG Collaborative Research Centres and Transregios Hosted by Leipzig University:
The Obesity Mechanisms Collaborative Research Centre has been examining three main research foci since 2013: overeating, fat deposition and inflammation, and altered adipokine secretion. In cooperation with three partner institutions – the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Israel) – the researchers aim to enhance our understanding of obesity as a multifactorial and socially relevant disease. Graduates of the Obesity Mechanisms Integrated Research Training Group can acquire the knowledge gained in obesity research as well as additional practical skills, thus equipping them for successful scientific careers.
The competence center for “Understanding Obesity” bundles interdisciplinary research on this modern disease at the University of Leipzig in order to develop solid concepts for dealing with the social challenge of obesity.
Firstly, the Spatialization under the Global Condition Collaborative Research Centre investigates the emergence of spatial formats – the results of spatial action of individual stakeholder groups, such as territories, networks, chains, enclaves, corridors and (special) zones. Secondly, this Collaborative Research Centre aims to understand how these spatial formats are combined into complex spatial orders, and their evolution since the 18th century under the global condition. The collaborative project is also part of the interdisciplinary research programme of the Leipzig Research Centre Global Dynamics (ReCentGlobe) and includes an integrated Research Training Group, which acts as a link between academic education and interdisciplinary research.
Cells communicate with each other and their environment via receptors. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest group of membrane receptors and found in almost all living organisms. In CRC 1423, “Structural Dynamics of GPCR Activation and Signal Transduction”, Leipzig University researchers from the life sciences, medicine, pharmacy and bioinformatics are investigating interactions between peptide receptors and adhesion receptors – GPCRs that have so far been the subject of little research. To this end, they are collaborating with partners at the Charité university hospital in Berlin, the Helmholtz Association’s Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, and the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg. One of the CRC’s goals is to clarify the dynamic structural states of these GPCRs in order to understand their functions. This could lead to the development of novel therapeutics for this class of GPCRs. Doctoral candidates at this CRC are trained in its integrated Research Training Group.
With the CRC/Transregio 172, we are conducting systematic large-scale research in the field of Arctic climate change (AC)³ for the first time in Germany. Applying a variety of different methods, the aim of the wide-ranging research alliance with the University of Bremen, the University of Cologne, the Alfred Wegener Institute and the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research is to observe climatic changes in the Arctic over long periods of time. On the basis of observations of measuring instruments on satellites, aircraft, airborne balloon platforms, research vessels and the results of selected ground-based monitoring stations, the researchers are developing models to reliably predict the warming already recorded in the Arctic.
Functional Biomaterials for Controlling Healing Processes in Bone and Skin – from Material Science to Clinical Application
In light of demographic developments in Germany and other industrialised nations, a drastic rise in the number of patients with bone defects and chronic wounds requires the development of novel functional biomaterials to improve bone and skin regeneration. To this end, CRC/Transregio 67, Functional Biomaterials, is pursuing the goal of developing and testing such materials on the basis of artificial extracellular matrices. A joint effort with the TU Dresden, the Transregio includes projects that deal predominantly with material science and chemistry (project area A), but also projects that focus on cell biology and clinical practice (project area B). The “T – Transfer” project area aims to promote development towards clinical translation. The Matrix Engineering Integrated Research Training Group forms part of the Transregio. With a structured postgraduate qualification programme, it offers the doctoral candidates advanced training modules to prepare them for their future independently work in research, and also acts as a bridge between the content and methodology of the individual sub-projects.
DFG Collaborative Research Centres and Transregios (Leipzig University as Applicant):
The CRC/Transregio 102, Polymers under Multiple Constraints, is a long-term basic research project in an alliance with the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, drawing on expertise in physics, chemistry and experimental and material sciences. Since 2011, the participating researchers have been investigating processes of structure formation and self-assembly in macromolecular systems, in which, apart from connectivity, molecular structure and dynamics are strongly influenced by additional constraints. Examples of such constraints are specific internal interactions, external forces, geometric constraints, high concentrations and topological interactions. These processes include the crystallisation of synthetic polymers and amyloid formation in biopolymers, which are central topics in this Collaborative Research Centre. In addition to the 18 sub-projects, the Transregio also includes the Integrated Research Training Group Polymers: Random Coils and Beyond, which offers a structured doctoral programme for further qualification and to foster doctoral candidates’ own scientific independence.
DFG Collaborative Research Centres and Transregios (Leipzig University as Project Partner):
Chemical mediators play a key role in many habitats of species communities. Coordinated by the University of Jena, Collaborative Research Centre 1127 investigates fundamental control mechanisms in complex biosystems in order to elucidate the effects and effective sites of mediators, with the long-term aim of being able to manipulate complex biosystems.
Dr Severin Sasso from Leipzig University’s Institute of Biology is co-head of a sub-project focusing on identifying secondary metabolites with roles in interaction between Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and other microorganisms.
Collaborative Research Centre 1140, Hybrid Societies: People Interacting with Embodied Digital Technologies, is coordinated by Chemnitz University of Technology. Its interdisciplinary team are researching the conditions for humans and machines to successfully live side by side in public space.
Professor Christian Pentzold from the Institute of Communication and Media Studies leads the sub-project concerned with public relations on the topic of knowing, understanding, and engaging with embodied technologies. The project addresses core segments of our changing society. It offers communicative interfaces to three main target groups: the general public, political stakeholders and industry representatives.
With the concept of invectivity, the research network aims to develop a new perspective in cultural studies research in order to describe, across epochs and cultures, the conditions and effects of destructive communication, such as verbal and non-verbal vituperation and humiliation. The project involves 13 different disciplines and is based at the TU Dresden.
In her sub-project, Professor Katja Kanzler from the Institute of American Studies at Leipzig University examines the forms and functions of popular invective cultures, questioning the role of disparagement in American popular culture.
In Collaborative Research Centre 1083, Structure and Dynamics of Internal Interfaces, chemists are collaborating with physicists to investigate solids and solid-state interfaces of a variety of organic and inorganic materials in order to achieve a detailed microscopic understanding of chemical bonding, electronic coupling and energy transfer dynamics for model systems of different classes of heterointerfaces.
The central goal of CRC 1118, Reactive Metabolites as a Cause of Diabetic Complications, is to understand when late damage occurs in diabetes mellitus, even when blood glucose is well controlled. The CRC pursues the hypothesis that changes in important endogenous proteins caused by reactive metabolites are responsible for this. The spokesperson works at Heidelberg University.
In sub-project B07, Professor Berend Isermann from the Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics is investigating the coagulation proteases thrombin and APC with regard to the regenerative capacity of the kidney by controlling mitochondrial function.
As the European population ages rapidly, the social and socio-economic relevance of regenerative therapies is steadily increasing. The research project ELAINE, which is led by the University of Rostock, concentrates on novel, electrically active implants for use in the regeneration of bone and cartilage.
Professor Angelika Richter from Leipzig University’s Institute of Pharmacology, Pharmacy and Toxicology is co-head of a sub-project focusing on deep brain simulation in models of dystonia.
Collaborative Research Centre / Transregio 325, Assembly-Controlled Photocatalysis, aims to develop a new generation of photocatalytic systems for organic synthesis by controlling the interactions between the catalyst and the reaction partners. In the long term, it wants to contribute to the further saving of energy and resources in light-driven reactions. Professor Thorsten Bach from the Technical University of Munich is the spokesperson of this Transregio.
In Transregio/CRC 296, Local Control of TH Action, researchers are addressing the question of which components control organ homeostasis and to what extent a change influences diseases. The interdisciplinary consortium with a spokesperson at the University of Duisburg-Essen has a unique collection of mouse models for all key components, as well as disease-specific models and patient cohorts. Innovative technologies for targeted modulation of local thyroid hormone tissue status are used.
At the Institute of Anatomy, Professor Ingo Bechmann is investigating monocarboxylate transporter 8, a specific transporter for thyroid hormones in the brain, in sub-project P03, Transporter Expression and TH Action in the Brain.
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels form a complex protein family with many important functions as cellular sensors and effectors. TRP proteins thus regulate an extraordinarily broad range of physiological homeostatic functions. CRC/Transregio 152, Maintenance of Body Homeostasis by Transient Receptor Potential Channel Modules, is working on reclassifying and redefining the known TRP channels. This is leading to new approaches and tailored therapies for patients with diseases associated with dysfunctional TRP proteins.
Professor Michael Schäfer from Leipzig University’s Rudolf Boehm Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology is supporting the lead institution, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, in a sub-project investigating the influence of drug-like compounds on diseases involving TRP channels.
In Transregio/CRC 138, researchers from the Universities of Marburg and Giessen, and the Herder Institute for Historical Research on East and Central Europe, are investigating the topic of “Dynamics of Security. Processes of Securitization in historical perspective”. They examine how ideas and concepts of security have developed in historical and current political constellations and what effects they have had.
Professor Stefan Rohdewald from the Department of History is conducting research in sub-project B03: Confessional Minorities as a Security Problem in the Early Modern Era”. The sub-project examines the conflict-prone role of religion in early modern multi-religious and multi-denominational societies, using the examples of English Catholics under Elizabeth I, Christians in the Ottoman Empire, and Orthodox and Protestants in Poland-Lithuania in the 18th century.
3. Research Training Groups
Research Training Group (RTGs) are thematic research programmes that serve the structured qualification of junior researchers. By integrating courses, the focus is on providing participants with further training. They prepare doctoral candidates for their everyday academic work and help them become independent.
Research Training Group Hosted by Leipzig University:
Research Training Group 2011, Interaction of Grammatical Building Blocks, focuses on the phonology, morphology and syntax of natural languages. The doctoral candidates conduct wide-ranging, systematic studies of the possible interactions of grammatical building blocks from a range of theoretical perspectives. The basis for this is a multitude of detailed empirical investigations of phonological, morphological and syntactic phenomena from typologically different languages.
In Research Training Group 2721, Hydrogen Isotopes 1,2,3H, chemists from different disciplines conduct research in three overlapping research areas on (A) chemical bonds, (B) membranes and diffusion, and (C) labelling and detection. The goals of the 14 research projects are to understand nuclear quantum effects, to develop new materials for the isotopic separation of hydrogen, and to use late-stage hydrogen isotope exchange. The spokesperson of the Research Training Group is Professor Knut Asmis from the Wilhelm Ostwald Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry.
Research Training Groups (Leipzig University as Applicant):
Research Training Group 1763, Quantitative Logics and Automata, was established with the aim of comprehensively investigating quantitative logics and automata and their connection with methods of theoretical computer science. The results of this research could potentially be applied to problems from the areas of verification, knowledge representation, and the solution of constraint satisfaction problems. The RTG is run in cooperation with the TU Dresden.
The International Research Training Group “TreeDi – Tree Diversity Interactions: The Role of Tree-Tree Interactions in Local Neighbourhoods in Chinese Subtropical Forests” led by the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig together with the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS) in China is investigating how tree-tree interactions in local neighbourhoods translate into the observed positive tree species richness effects on key ecosystem functions at the community level. The international qualification programme provides for intensive Chinese-German cultural exchange during a six-month research stay in the partner country. There is also a joint doctoral candidate advisory committee with Chinese and German project leaders and close cooperation with leading figures of biodiversity research.
The aim of Research Training Group 2522, “Strong Dynamics and Criticality in Quantum and Gravitational Systems”, is to investigate and calculate the emergence of complexity in gravitational and quantum field theories based on basic building blocks. The teams focus on examples of topicality or conceptual relevance, such as gravitational wave phenomena and black holes on the gravitational side and dynamics and criticality of near phase transitions on the quantum side. The Research Training Group is conducted in collaboration with the Friedrich Schiller University Jena.
Research Training Group (Leipzig University as Project Partner):
Research Training Group 2247, Quantum Mechanical Materials Modelling (QM³) combines the most important approaches in quantum mechanical material modelling from the interdisciplinary natural sciences in a structured doctoral programme.
Dr Agnieszka Kuc from the Wilhelm Ostwald Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry at Leipzig University is co-head of the sub-project “P11: Electronic Structure and Charge Transport in Defective and Doped TMDCs”. This sub-project investigates how defects (e.g. grain boundaries, vacancies and line defects) and impurities affect the electronic structure of 2D transition-metal chalcogenides (TMDC).
RTG 2408, Maladaptive Processes Across Physiological Barriers in Chronic Diseases, whose spokesperson is based at the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, investigates the so far limited understanding of molecular changes underlying maladaptive disease processes at physiological barriers. Cellular maladaptations and misdirected cell-cell communication at physiological barriers are mechanistic aspects of central importance in chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis or chronic diseases of the kidney, the skin, or the gastrointestinal tract. Within the RTG, disease-causing maladaptive processes at endothelial and epithelial barriers are investigated.
Berend Isermann from the Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics is one of the researchers involved.
Integrated Research Training Groups in Collaborative Research Centres and Research Centres:
The Matrix Engineering Integrated Research Training Group is part of CRC/Transregio 67, Functional Biomaterials for Controlling Healing Processes in Bone and Skin – from Material Science to Clinical Application, and is integrated into the Graduate Schools: It therefore forms a separate class at both the Research Academy Leipzig and the TU Dresden’s Graduate Academy. The Research Training Group concentrates the scientific training of doctoral candidates in CRC/Transregio 67. The qualification programme includes seminars, workshops, summer schools and lab rotations as well as courses for additional qualifications.
The CRC/Transregio 102, Polymers under Multiple Constraints, hosts the Integrated Research Training Group Polymers: Random Coils and Beyond. This offers doctoral researchers a structured doctoral program focusing on advanced skills and developing scientific independence.
The Integrated Research Training Group is part of Collaborative Research Centre 1423, Structural Dynamics of GPCR Activation and Signaling. Its training programme covers all aspects of current GPCR research. A comprehensive qualification programme is being established, comprising four sections: scientific modules, annual summer schools, international laboratory rotations, and professional skills workshops. This profile qualifies graduates for independent careers in a variety of academic and industrial fields.
4. Research Units
The DFG-funded Research Units are teams of researchers working together on a research project, offering a high degree of flexibility in the composition of programme modules and the selection of research institutions. This lets the Research Units intensify symbiotic collaboration with non-university institutions and international partners. Funding is usually provided for eight years. Centres for Advanced Studies are a special funding format in the humanities and social sciences. In addition to supporting the activities of the participating researchers, there is also a fellow programme for guests from Germany and abroad, who are invited for periods of up to two years.
Research Units Hosted by Leipzig University:
The Humanities Centre for Advanced Studies “Multiple Secularities – Beyond the West, Beyond Modernities” examines different arrangements of secularity, or the distinction between religious and other social spheres in cultures outside the Western modern world. In this way, the researchers aim to both shed light on the mechanisms of this differentiation and understand the associated conflicts surrounding the power of interpretation and claims to validity in different world regions. In the first funding period, the researchers will concentrate on regions of the Islamic world and the wider Asian region.
The Integrated Chemical Micro Laboratories (InCheM) Research Unit aims to build a synergetic bridge between chemical synthesis and analytics in microreaction systems. Based on lab-on-a-chip technology, the researchers conduct fundamental work in the fields of on-chip microsynthesis and in flow-through reactors, integrating analytical concepts for the inline characterisation of chemical processes in real time. The resulting micro laboratories will be applied in various fields, including drug development, building substance libraries, controlling catalytic reactions, and in studies to elucidate reaction mechanisms.
Adhesion-type G protein-coupled receptors form a large class of seven-transmembrane-spanning (7TM) receptors. In the past, these receptors have been shown to be essential components of countless physiological functions, and a veritable treasure trove for modern pharmacological intervention. Unlike other 7TM receptors, we know comparatively little about adhesion GPCRs as a receptor class. The work conducted by the “Elucidation of Adhesion-GPCR Signalling” Research Unit focuses on unresolved fundamental questions about the biology of adhesion GPCRs, with special attention paid to the physiological and pharmacological properties of their signalling behaviour.
Copper iodide is a unique p-conductive, wide-gap semiconductor, uniting high transparency in the visible spectral range with unsurpassed hole conductivity. In its first funding period, the “Copper Iodide as Multifunctional Semiconductor” Research Unit will tackle fundamental chemical and physical problems from an experimental and theoretical perspective. In the second funding period, the focus of the Research Unit will shift to practical issues, such as device applications and integration of devices, making use of the multifunctional properties of copper iodide as a contact material, in integrate circuits, for thermoelectric powering of such circuits, and in temperature sensors.
The central aim of Research Unit 5000 – Biotic Interactions, Community Assembly, and Eco-Evolutionary Dynamics as Drivers of Long-Term Biodiversity–Ecosystem Functioning Relationships – is to find out which mechanisms influence biodiversity–ecosystem functioning in the short and long term. To this end, it applies new experimental and analytical methods in one of the world’s longest-running biodiversity experiments: the Jena Experiment. Professor Nico Eisenhauer from the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig leitet die Forschungsgruppe, in der Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus den Bereichen Ökologie, Biochemie und Mikrobiologie interdisziplinär zusammenarbeiten.
Cyclic structure building and optimization are two central research areas of grammatical theory, but only a fraction of the research on these mechanisms involves their interaction. Led by Professor Jochen Trommer, the researchers from the Institute of Linguistics are investigating the empirical scope of models combining cyclicity and optimization, and hope to extend this to a comprehensive, representative subdomain of grammatical phenomena and unlock the full theoretical potential of these approaches. This Research Unit’s individual sub-projects are investigating interactions between all grammatical modules (morphology, syntax, semantics and phonology) and systematically comparing different cyclic optimization approaches for the same or closely related types of empirical data. An additional sub-project in the field of computer linguistics is examining abstract, formal properties of cyclic optimization approaches beyond the boundaries of grammatical sub-domains.
Research Units (Leipzig University as Applicant):
Research Unit 3004, “Synaptic Physiology of Autoimmune Encephalitis (SYNABS)”, is an initiative that brings together clinical researchers in the field of antibody-mediated disorders with basic scientists in the fields of neurophysiology, neurobiology and neuroimmunology to collectively investigate antibody-mediated pathology in the central nervous system. The aim of SYNABS is to elucidate the pathophysiology of autoimmune encephalitis in which autoantibodies are directed at synaptic targets. The expected results of the proposed projects will improve our understanding of immune-mediated dysfunction of synapses. The Research Unit is coordinated at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena; Professor Stefan Hallermann from Leipzig University’s Carl Ludwig Institute for Physiology is co-spokesperson and involved in two sub-projects.
Leipzig University is involved in the following Research Units with individual sub-projects:
Research Unit 2433, Switchable Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOF Switches), investigates the fundamental aspects of porosity switching in porous coordination polymers. Flexible coordination polymers have the unique property of gradually changing their porosity during the adsorption of a gas. This cooperative process has great potential for application in catalysis, filtration and sensor technology. A combined use of preparation, characterisation and modelling aims to analyse the interaction of structure, dynamics and adsorption behaviour of flexible coordination polymers and to achieve a better understanding of dynamics in porous solids.
Professor Katja Werthmann from Leipzig University’s Institute of African Studies heads the sub-project “Local Self-Governance for the Provision of Security: Vigilantes in Burkina Faso”, which is part of the Research Unit “Local Self-Governance in the Context of Weak Statehood in Antiquity and the Modern Era”. The aim is to use empirical case studies to explore a differentiated understanding of the causes, forms and legitimations of the state’s local self-governance and self-organisation.
Professor Daniel Huster from Leipzig University’s Institute for Medical Physics and Biophysics heads the sub-project “Investigation of Molecular Dynamics of Substrate Transmembrane alpha-Helices by Solution and Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy”. Liquid and solid-state NMR spectroscopy are currently the only experimental techniques for the study of biomolecular dynamics at atomic detail. The resulting protocols and experiments will be applied on selected novel substrates identified in the other sub-projects.
Professor Nina Kolleck of the Institute of Political Science at Leipzig University is heading the sub-project “CONNECT: Connections and Levels of Influence of Treaty Secretariats in International Environmental and Disability Policy over Time”, which is part of the Research Unit “International Public Administration. The Emergence and Development of Administrative Patterns and Their Effects on International Policy-Making (IPA)”. Using a mixed methods design, the project aims to systematically analyse the influence of international treaty secretariats.
Professor Alexander Deeg from the Institute of Practical Theology leads the sub-project “Transformation of Sacred Space in a Secular Context: The Example of Hybrid Spaces. Field Mapping, Determining Logics, and Criteria in Leipzig” as part of Research Unit 2733, “Transformation of Sacred Space: Function and Use of Religious Places in Germany”. In his project, he deals with the hypothesis that the creation of hybrid spaces is one of the unique characteristics of the transformations of sacred spaces in Leipzig. In addition to being used for strictly sacred purposes, these spaces were intended from the outset for ‘societal’ or cultural use in a broader sense.
Professor Johannes Quaas of the Institute for Meteorology at Leipzig University and Professor Corinna Hoose from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology are leading the sub-project “Cloud Response to Volcanic Eruptions (VolCloud)” as part of the Research Unit “Revisiting the Volcanic Impact on Atmosphere and Climate – Preparations for the Next Big Volcanic Eruption”. They investigate three different types of past volcanic eruptions and perform model simulations with a detailed cloud and aerosol representation, resolving cloud systems in combination with satellite observation from passive and active remote sensing. The aim is to quantify cloud reaction appropriately in order to investigate agro-cloud-precipitation interactions and to assess its impact on the climate.
Professor Uta Dahmen from the university hospital Jena leads the project "Quantifying Liver Perfusion-Function Relationship in Complex Resection - A Systems Medicine Approach (QuaLiPerF)". The goal of the project is to elucidate as yet unknown interactions between surgery-induced changes in perfusion and metabolic function. The long-term vision is to support surgical planning and risk assessment during complex liver surgeries. The team consists of experimentalists, clinicians, bioinformaticians, modelers and experts for data integration.
Professor Bruno Christ from the department of cell transplantation & molecular hepatology researches the sub-project P1 "Metabolic profiling of the hepatic sinusoid".
In some patients pain resolves after a nerve lesion despite persistent neurological deficits. In other patients, however, postoperative pain becomes chronic. The project "Peripheral mechanisms of pain and their resolution" with the spokesperson beeing at the university hospital Würzburg wants to research exactly this phenomen. A total of nine interdisciplinary working groups are devoted to the topic. The program also promotes the training of clinician scientists in the fields of anesthesia, neurology, neuroradiology, neurosurgery, surgery and internal medicine.
Professor Robert Kittel form the Institute of Biology together with Professor Heike Lydia Rittner from the University Würzburg are researching the sub-project "Function of the adhesion-GPCR CIRL in nociception and pain resolution". The two researchers want to clarify whether there are new molecules from the group of mechanosensors that promote the regression of nerve pain. The knowledge gained through experiements on the fruit fly using new technical and genetic methods is to be tested in preclinical models and in patient samples.
5. Priority Programmes Coordinated by Leipzig University
As a rule, a Priority Programme (SPP) receives funding for a period of six years. Researchers submit corresponding applications for research grants in a specific subject area for which an invitation to tender has been issued. A particular feature of the Priority Programme is the nationwide collaboration between its participating researchers.
The Infrastructure Priority Programme 1294, Atmospheric and Earth System Research with the “High Altitude and Long Range Research Aircraft” (HALO), has received DFG funding since 2017. One of the project coordinators is Professor Manfred Wendisch of Leipzig University’s Institute for Meteorology. The HALO research aircraft is used to study atmospheric and geophysical processes. The focus is on answering questions of climate and environmental science.
Transottomanica: Eastern European-Ottoman-Persian Mobility Dynamics
Priority Programme 1981 focuses on processes of migration, travel, knowledge circulation, trade, and the mobility of entire societies between the tsarist empire, Poland-Lithuania, the Ottoman Empire, and Persia in relational social spaces, each with a widely varying scope. The period of investigation begins in the early 16th century and traces the transitions into the 20th century. Professor Stefan Rohdewald from the Department of History coordinates the programme of up to 15 research projects per funding period at a total of 15 universities and research institutes during the two periods (2017–2020 and 2020–2023).
Epithelial Intercellular Junctions as Dynamic Hubs to Integrate Forces, Signals and Cell Behaviour
This Priority Programme, which is coordinated by Professor Thomas Magin at Leipzig University’s Institute of Biology, is to investigate intercellular connections between epithelial cells. These junctions sense exogenous influences as mechanical or chemical signals, transmit them into the cell and thus trigger a cellular response. The researchers in the project network are developing universal principles according to which cell junctions are involved in signal transduction.
Priority Programme 2361, On the Way to the Fluvial Anthroposphere, explores the interactions between human societies and pre-industrial floodplains in Central Europe. The core research question of this Priority Programme is the extent to which humans have had an influence on changes to floodplains, and since when. Leipzig University, the University of Tübingen and the Technical University of Darmstadt developed the framework programme together. Christoph Zielhofer from the Institute for Geography at Leipzig University is coordinating the first period.
6. Emmy Noether Junior Research Groups
The Emmy Noether Programme gives exceptionally qualified early career researchers the chance to qualify for the post of professor at a university by leading an independent junior research group for a period of six years.
Early career researchers currently head the following Emmy Noether Junior Research Groups at Leipzig University:
Dr Eva Zimmermann heads the “Grammatical Strength in Prosodic Morphology: Typology and Theory” Emmy Noether Junior Research Group at the Institute of Linguistics. The aim is to examine whether and to what extent the phonetic representations that encode our linguistic knowledge are gradient. The research programme is founded on the hypothesis that asymmetries where apparently identical phonological elements behave differently is due to differences in their gradient strength.
This Emmy Noether project aims to investigate the role, structure and properties of the stress-energy tensor in quantum field theories with self-interaction. The main question is whether quantum energy inequalities (QEIs) can exist in these areas. Dr Daniela Cadamuro heads the Junior Research Group at the Institute of Theoretical Physics.
The project at the Institute of Anatomy, led by Dr Robert Fledrich, investigates the pathological mechanisms of neurological diseases, including those based on disturbed interactions between nerve cells and Schwann cells. For example, long-term therapeutic strategies are to be developed for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, which is currently incurable.
Led by Dr Christiane Schnabel, this Junior Research Group at Leipzig University’s Faculty of Veterinary Medicine what causes severe asthma in horses. The name of the project is ”Antigen Identification and Characterization of Adaptive Immune Responses in Severe Equine Asthma.“ It focuses on the one hand on anitgen identification. On the other, the researchers are seeking adaptive immune responses to specific components from hay dust for the pathogenesis of severe equine asthma.
7. Heisenberg Programme
The German Research Foundation's Heisenberg Programme is designed to support those researchers who have achieved their habilitation or an equivalent qualification and thus already qualified for professorship. Leipzig University currently hosts Heisenberg fellowships, Heisenberg positions and Heisenberg professorships:
- Professor Markus Dreßler at the Institute for the Study of Religion: “Modern Turkology”
- Professor Christian Etz at the Faculty of Medicine: “Transregional Diagnostics and Therapy of Common Aortic Pathologies: I Bicuspid Aortic Valve Associated Aortic Wall Disease: Altered Flow Architecture vs Genomics a Novel Large Animal Model II Collateral Network Based Non-Invasive Perfusion Monitoring and Ischemic Preconditioning of the Spinal Cord”
- Dr Claudia Lang at the Department of Anthropology: “Digitisation and Mental Health”
- Professor Solveig Richter at the Institute for Political Science: "Blended Legitimacy: Non-State Authority Groups and the Changing Political Order in Post-Conflict Societies"
- Dr Sebastian Rimestad at the Institute for the Study of Religion: “1) Establishing Confessional Cultures in 18th Century Poland-Lithuania 2) Religious Conversion as Statements”
- Professor Isa Wortelkamp at the Institute of Theatre Studies: “1) Aesthetic of Modern Dance Photography 2) Analysis of Movement in Dance, Theatre and Performance 3) Interferences of Artistic and Academic Procedures of Dance and Theatre”